Naugle – Chapters 5 & 6

20th Century

Edmund Husserl sought to distinguish scientific philosophy from worldview to settle philosophical disputes, overcome relativity, and set the foundation for all sciences, by means of presuppositionless study.

Karl Jaspers sought to psychologically catalogue the options of worldview by analyzing them according to subjective “attitudes” and objective “world pictures,” but upon discovering the naivety of his own worldview-stoked investigation Jaspers concentrated on philosophic communication amongst relativism.

Martin Heidegger, like Husserl, argued philosophy and worldview to be separate and distinct, with being as the subject of philosophy and interpretation of that being as the subject of worldview.

Ludwig Wittgenstein endeavored to change the way humans see the world to be confined by grammar and language, for while life exists before philosophy, without the context of words there can be no worldview.

Donald Davidson argued against Wittegenstein’s linguistically differentiated relativism based on his own examination of similarities between differing languages, or their similar conceptual schemes.

Postmodernity

Jacques Derrida’s Deconstruction of Logocentrism and the Metaphysics of Presence sought to overturn people’s faith in language’s ability to accurately depict the really real, in favor of the realization that language’s only capacity is that of a self-referential system, and thus man makes his own reality.

Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann’s Concept of “Reification,” proposes since humans universally tend to create their reality based on their cultural experience, they may as well claim it as such (a “humanly fabricated, self-contained conceptual system”).

Michel Foucault’s Episteme, Genealogy, and Power argued that what people accept as frameworks for reality are actually a means by which they are unconsciously governed.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s